The birth of a new age
IN THE 15TH CENTURY, there was a rebirth, r renaissance, of interest in the arts and sciences. It began in Italy. The works of the great Latin and Greek writers were rediscovered and studied for the first time since the fall of Rome. They inspired artists and scholars to turn away from a strictly religious view of life and concentrate on human beings.
Renaissance painters and sculptors began to explore the beauty of the human body, and poets wrote about human feelings and experiences. These new ideas also caused people to question tradtional views on religion.Many thought that the Catholic Church(pp.30-31) had become corrupt and needed change. Agroup of reformers called the Protestants rejected the authority of the Pope in Rome and set up new churches in northern Europe. This movement became known as the Reformation. It divided the Chrestian world and brought to an end the all-encompassing power of the medieval Church.
THE GREAT NAVIGATORS
In the 15th century, Europeans embarkedon great voyagesof discovery as they searched for sea routes to Asia. From the 1420's, Portuguese sailors ventured down the long west coast of Africa in caravels like this one. In 1488, Bartholomew Diaz rounded the Cape of Good Hope and sailed into the Indian Ocean for the first time. By 1498, Vasco da Gana had reached India. Meanwhile, Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic in 1492 and claimed America for the Spanish king.